Download the notes Jesus the Redeemer in Ruth
“I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.” (Hosea 12:10) As the Bereans did, check the following out for yourself. (Acts 17:11)
For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. (Rom 15:4)
This article will explore the story of Ruth. The Jews read this story each Pentecost but the prophetic meaning is lost on them. Ruth has huge meaning for the Christian Church. Like the story of Rebecca, the role of the gentile bride of the coming Messiah was always tucked away in the scriptures. Ruth was a reference Peter and Paul would have drawn their theology from.
Prophetic Roles or models or Types. Naomi is a type Israel during the Diaspora. Ruth is a Gentile bride of the Kinsman Redeemer. He is the central Character and is also called the Lord of the Harvest.
Ruth the Moabite joins the tribe of Judah, through an act of kindness, and she becomes the great-grandmother of David, the king of Israel.
Esther and Ruth are the only two books named after women. One is a lowly gentile joining Israel and the other an royal Israelite in a gentile land. There are four women in the linage of Jesus and the royal line of Matthew’s genealogy. Tamar, Rahab mother of Boaz, Ruth and Bathsheba, all of questionable moral status.
In rhetoric Ruth is very important — Boaz and Naomi – the older generation – Speak in the archaic Hebrew. Ruth speaks in a more modern version. The book is a masterpiece of Hebrew literature.
Ruth is positioned between Song of Songs and Lamentations in the Tanakh.
Since Song of Songs is a love song between God and His people, while Lamentations is a lament over the lack of love between His people and their God. The position of Ruth alludes to the connection that connects the lack of love to wholehearted love.
The name Ruth means “friend or pleasant companion.” Ruth is a Love story – The love of Ruth for Naomi and the love of Boaz for Ruth. God models His love and His Redemption of us in this drama. A major theme of the Book of Ruth is that of the kinsman-redeemer. Boaz, a relative of Ruth on her husband’s side, acted upon his duty as outlined in the Mosaic Law to redeem an impoverished relative from his or her circumstances. Lev 25 v79– 49 Boaz can be viewed as a type of Christ in a seven-fold aspect: Lord of the Harvest, The Near Kinsman, The Supplier of Wants, The Redeemer of the Inheritance, The Man Who Gives Rest, The Wealthy Kinsman, and The Bridegroom.
The marriage of Boaz and Ruth was of a type known as a levirate marriage .
Moreover, the Israelites understanding of redemption included both that of people and of land. In Israel land had to stay in the family. The family could mortgage the land to ward off poverty; and the law of required a kinsman to purchase it back into the family. Boaz becomes Ruth and Naomi’s “kinsman-redeemer.”